Slovenščina
The Miller's trade in the Loka region
Archeological collection
Cultural history collections
ŠŠkofja Loka Passion
Art history collection
Ethnological collections
Costume
Black Kitchen
Illumination
Architecture
Agriculture
Stockbreeding
Diet
Traffic and Transport
Bobbin Lace
Sieve-maker's trade
Hat-making
Comb-making
Linen trade
Linen dyeing
'Mali kruhek' ('Little bread')
Artificial flowers
Rustic chests
ŠŠkopar's house – open air museum
Dražžgošše before the world war two
The recent history collection
Natural science collection
Agriculture« Back
The first inhabitants of Loka territory were acquiring additional land for fields by burning forests, gradually arable agriculture was more and more brought into force. Wooden ploughs, 'trees', were used by farmers all the way to the beginning of the 20th. century when they started to change them for iron ones. The latter did entirely replaced the wooden ones until the period between the two world wars. The harrows were also wooden at first, only later iron; some places they threshed with flails right up to the Second World War. The exhibited agricultural implements which peasant farmers used for ploughing, sowing, weeding, harvesting, threshing, and for the cleaning, measuring and storing of cereals,  and storing the results of hoeing, are from the period from the end of the 19th. century to the middle of the 20th. century. What farmers were sowing and planting from the 12th. century on we can read in the land registers. Amongst cereals they sowed oats, wheat and rye and and on Sorško fields also hops and barley from which they brewed beer until 1501. Amongst legominous plants they planted beans and broad beans. Later, in the 16th. century, amongst cereals they sowed wheat, oats, rye and 'soržica' (a mixture of wheat and rye), barley and millet, in the 17th. century buckwheat was slowly brought into force. They started to plant potatoes at the turn of the 18th. to 19th. century; maize was finally cultivated in the second half of the 19th. century. Clover was sowed as a feeding plant from the 18th. century onwards. Flax was also very important, which can be seen from the written records from the 12th. to the beginning of the 20th. centuries. They cultivated it as oakum for linen and linen oil.
•  photo.: Agricultural Collection
•  photo.: Bushels for measuring cereals
• photo.:Threshing cereals on the threshing machine run by a steam engine. Photographed in the monastery garden of the Ursulins of Škofja Loka before 1941. (5690)





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Loški muzej Škofja Loka, Grajska pot 13 , 4220 Škofja Loka
tel.: +386 4 517-04-00, fax: +386 4 517-04-12
E-Mail: info@loski-muzej.si