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Rustic chests
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Rustic chests« Back
In the development of furniture design, the chest is the oldest and through centuries the most important part of the domestic possessions of an European man. It was used for storing various things (clothes, food, documents, money), in the Middle Ages also as a seat or a bed. They were first represented in Slovenia around 1460 in the fresco of Sveta Nedelja at Crngrob pri Škofji Loki. In the homes of the nobility and middle-class in Slovenia chests were kept to late classicism (17th., 18th. century) and in the rural environment through to the end of the 19th. century. They were kept as a nuptial custom in some places even to the first half of the 20th. century. The oldest form of the chest is deblak, hollowed out of a rough hewn stem, enclosed with iron bands. We can only follow the development of the chest in Slovenia from its younger form, the so called tesana skrinja, which Slavs knew already in their original homeland. It is made of hewn planks, set in four channeled supports in the corners, with a roof-like or flat cover. With the development of joinery technology in Slovenia in the 15th. and 16th. centuries alongside the hewn one, case chest, which is in shape of of a case with a pedestal, comes into being. Planks are connected together through tines or zincing. In the late Renaissance the pedestal was removed from the chest and it was put on legs. In the rural environment a chest with the construction accent on the flanking sides developed. Under the influence of the South German Renaissance, 17th. century Gorenjska valued the decoration of chests with architectural elements. Chests are decorated with geometrical motifs, a type of chest we classify amongst the arcade or façade ones.  In the Alpine region, alongside the Renaissance-inspired arcade chest we see the beginnings of a more colourfully painted design of chest, which in Gorenjska developed at the end of the 18th. century and flourished through the 19th. century. Regarding the compositional scheme of flank chests in this period, two to five framed fields were established. They are painted with geometrical, flowery and figure motifs and with other objects.
• photo.: The oldest representation of the chest in Slovenia is in the Sv. Nedelja fresco in the church in Crngrob near Škofja Loka, around 1460.
•  photo.: Arcade chest from 1687, with construction accent on the flanking sides.
•  photo.: Painted chest with the date 1850, is a work of unknown painter 'of white chests and birds figures', who was active in Loka territory.






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Loški muzej Škofja Loka, Grajska pot 13 , 4220 Škofja Loka
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