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Sieve-maker's trade« Back
Sieve-makers were weaving sieves from horsehair; sieves used for sifting the flour, for pressing through and suchlike. Written sources mention the sieve-maker's trade for the first time in 1598. at that time they were making sieves mainly in Bitnje pri Stražišèu. At the start only proprietors of farms were engaged with sieve-making as a cottage industry, mainly in the winter. After the 16th. century this activity passed on to the hands of cottagers and tenants. This, for the poorest social class of the rural population meant sieve weaving from horsehair was the main source of income. Within this activity supply became a very strong factor in the 16th. century. The merchant-suppliers were supplying sieve-makers with horsehair and marketing their products. They were buying horsehair in Kranjska and Bavaria, and then exporting sieves to Italy, Germany, Belgium, France, Spain, and also to Hungary and Romania. Loka's sieve-makers and merchants also established their own guild in 1658 and dedicated it to the Virgin Mary. In the 1870s 2000 people from villages between Kranj and Škofja Loka were making a living with sieve-making, but by the beginning of the 20th. century only 900, of which two thirds were women and a third were men. With the discovery of new materials, especially nylon, this craft entirely died away in the 1950's.
•  photo.: Sieve-making Collection (D/602)
• photo.: A group of sieve-makers from 1903 at their work: driving the 'knofi' in, 'navlaèevanje' and weaving. (Dom in svet, 1903, p. 613)
•  photo.: A sieve from horsehair is woven on a weaving loom.





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Loški muzej Škofja Loka, Grajska pot 13 , 4220 Škofja Loka
tel.: +386 4 517-04-00, fax: +386 4 517-04-12
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